People across the world have strong opinions for and against abortion. Those who argue for its legalization fall under “pro-choice” group while those who oppose its legalization are under “pro-life”. Even after the practice was declared a fundamental human right in the United States by Roe v. Wade Supreme Court case (Parker, 2017), the debate about it is still going on in the country. According to pro-choice arguments, all women should enjoy abortion as a human right and no religious and/or government authorities should take that away from them. On the other hand, pro-life brigade argue that abortion immorally murders innocent human beings since the life of a human being begins at fertilization. This paper argues that abortion is wrong and should not be legalized since its disadvantages far outweigh its advantages, if any.
The major reason why abortion is wrong is because it is wrong to condemn an innocent human being to murder. Human life begins once they are conceived and this implies that at whatever stage a pregnancy may be terminated, an innocent being would have been killed. The fetus is in itself a human being and should be allowed to grow and be born and live their life to the fullest. As pointed out by Kaczor (2014), a fetus has a unique genetic code and thus it is a unique individual person. It is a potential human being with a future just like people who are already born. It would be wrong to destroy their future on the account of being killed through abortion.
Abortion is also wrong because it is wrong to deliberately cause pain. Whatever process is used to secure an abortion subjects the developing human to untold suffering before they eventually die. By 18 weeks, a fetus has undergone sufficient development to feel pain. Thus, aborting it would be the same as physically attacking an innocent person and causing them fatal physical bodily harm. Under normal circumstances, such an attack would attract condemnation and the person or people involved would be punished accordingly as per the law. This is the exact same way abortion should be viewed and treated. It should be legally prohibited and those who do it should be punished for causing pain on an innocent person (Meyers, 2010).
Further, Kershnar (2017) observes that abortion increases tolerance of killing and this is a wrong precedence being created for the human race. To legalize abortion and to view it as being right is like to legalize killing and see nothing wrong with it. The respect people have for human life would be reduced if killing would be legalized. It would be wrong and detrimental to reduce society’s respect for human life as it may result into increased murder rates, genocide, and euthanasia. Just like such measures as vaccination and illegalization of murder are taken to preserve human life, prohibiting abortion should be considered an important way of increasing human respect for life. Society should not tolerate killing in whatever form and should discourage it through every available opportunity.
According to Bailey (2011), people who believe abortion is not morally wrong argue that the fetus should not necessarily be considered a person with the right to life. They hold that the fetus is just a collection of human cells and thus does not deserve the express right to live. This argument is misinformed because the fact is that this collection of human cells that is the fetus, if given the opportunity to grow, eventually becomes a complete human being. This is why the beginning of human life should be considered to be at conception and not at birth or after some time after conception. A conceived human should be allowed to see out their life and only die naturally.
Another argument by the pro-choice group is that pregnant women have moral rights too and that these rights may override the right of the fetus to live under certain circumstances. These rights, according to this argument, include the right to take decision without legal or moral interference, the right to decide one’s own future, the right to ownership of one’s own body, and the right to life. This argument fails to acknowledge that the moral rights of one human being should not deny another human being their moral rights. Even in cases where carrying a pregnancy to delivery would endanger the life of a pregnant woman, the fetus should be separated from the mother and be allowed to grow through such mechanisms as being placed in an incubator (Bailey, 2011).
Abortion is absolutely wrong and no arguments can justify its morality or legality. It kills innocent human beings before they can develop and experience life. It also causes untold pain and suffering to an innocent fetus. It further increases tolerance to killing, a precedence that would make people throw away their respect to human life and kill without a second thought. Those who do not consider the fetus as a moral person who deserves to live are wrong because upon complete development, the fetus indeed becomes a human being. Similarly, those who feel the moral rights of a pregnant woman should override those of the fetus ignore the fact that both the woman and the fetus are human beings with equal rights.
Bailey, J. (2011). Abortion. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group.
Kaczor, C. (2014). The Ethics of Abortion: Women’s Rights, Human Life, and the Question of Justice. New York, NY: Routledge.
Kershnar, S. (2017). Does the Pro-Life Worldview Make Sense?: Abortion, Hell, and Violence against Abortion Doctors. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
Meyers, C. (2010). The Fetal Position: A Rational Approach to the Abortion Issue. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
Parker, W. (2017). Life’s Work: A Moral Argument for Choice. New York City, NY: Simon and Schuster.
Abortion is wrong and should not be legalized since its disadvantages far outweigh its advantages, if any.
It is wrong to condemn an innocent human being to murder.
It is wrong to deliberately cause pain.
Abortion increases tolerance of killing which is a wrong precedence for the human race.
People who believe abortion is not morally wrong argue that the fetus should not necessarily be considered a person with the right to life.
The pro-choice group argues that pregnant women have moral rights too and that these rights may override the right of the fetus to live.
Abortion is absolutely wrong and no arguments can justify its morality or legality. It kills innocent human beings before they can develop and experience life. It also causes untold pain and suffering to an innocent fetus. It further increases tolerance to killing.